Bulk Metal® Foil Facts at a Glance

• Fact #104How Smaller Form Factors Exacerbate ESD Risks (and How Bulk Metal® Foil Resistors Can Help) [Fact #104]
• Fact #108Component Selection and Layout Strategies for Avoiding Thermal EMF Noise [Fact #108]
• Fact #109 - Selecting the Best Trimming Potentiometer for Your Precision Application [Fact #109]
• Fact #119 - Obsolescence, Counterfeiting and COTS (Understanding the Consequences) [Fact #119]

• Fact #110 - Purchased Tolerance to End-of-Life Tolerance (Getting the performance you pay for, expect, and need!) [Fact #110]

Coming Soon:
(More facts are coming!)

Bulk Metal® Foil News

• April 2015COTS Burden Resistor for Current Sensing Transformers (now available)

Bulk Metal® Foil Contributed Articles: articles by Bulk Metal® Foil Resistors authors in the international trade press

TitlePublicationLanguagePublication Date
Reducing black swan events involving Li-ion batteriesElectronic ProductsEnglishOct 2014
How has rapid prototyping affected your job or industry?ECNEnglishJuly 2014
Choisir la bonne technologie de résistance sans se tromperElectroniqueFrenchJune 2014
When smaller isn't better in precision resistor applicationsEDNEnglishMay 2014
리튬이온 전지에서 돌발상황의 발생을 어떻게 줄일 수 있을까Display PlusKoreanMay 2014
The Invention and Evolution of The World's Most Precise ResistorEDNEnglishMar 2014
Building block calibrationCIEEnglishJan 2014
Reading between the lines of resistor datasheetsEE Times Europe, Power ManagementEnglishDec 2013
Resistor datasheets: Reading between the linesEDNEnglishNov 2013
Bulk metal foil current sensing resistors for Li-ion batteries in avionicsEDNEnglishSept 2013
Obsoleta komponenter, förfalskning och COTS skapar problemElektronik i NordenSwedishSept 2013
How to select precision resistors for 4 - 20 mA current loopEE TimesEnglishAug 2013
How to select precision resistors for 4 - 20 mA current loopEDNEnglishAug 2013
שימוש בנגדים מדויקים בטמפרטורות גבוהות, הפרעות תדר (עיוות הרמוני) ותנאי סביבה מאתגרים NewTech MagazineHebrewMay 2013
Precision Resistors: From the drawing board to realityECNEnglishMay 2013
(COTS) ורכיבים מהמדף (counterfeiting) זיוף (Obsolescence) התיישנותNew-Tech MagazineHebrewApr 2013
עולמו המופלא של הנגד ותרומתו ליציבות המעגל האנלוגי New-Tech MagazineHebrewMar 2013
Obsolescence, counterfeiting and COTS: Understanding the consequencesEE TimesEnglishMar 2013
Avoiding Costly Redesigns Through Better Design ChoicesEE TimesEnglishFeb 2013
Präzisionswiderstände: Der passende Widerstand für Ihre Applikation Elektronik NetGermanFeb 2013
Resistori di precisione per applicazioni esigentiSelezione di ElettronicaItalianJan 2013
נגדים מדוייקים עבור "כלי טייס חשמלי יותר"(MEA) ומערכת "טוס על חוט" (FBW) - משולחן השרטוט למציאות. New Tech Military MagazineHebrewDec 2012
Picking the right resistor technologyEDN ASIAEnglishDec 2012
Foil current sense resistors and their applicationsIEEE Instrumentation and Measurement MagazineEnglishDec 2012
אסטרטגיות לבחירת רכיבים ותכנון השמתם למניעת(Thermal EMF ) כוח אלקטרו-מניע תרמיNewTech MagazineHebrewNov 2012
Price, cost, risk, and selecting the best resistor technology for the applicationEE TimesEnglishAug 2012
מה המשותף בין נגדים מדויקים , מכשור רפואי ודור ה"בייבי בום"New-Tech MagazineHebrewAug 2012
נגדים מדוייקים בשימוש מעגלים אנלוגיים למכשור ססמוגרפי לזNew-Tech Micowave MagazineHebrewJuly 2012
What’s The Difference Between Foil And Thin-Film ResistorsElectronic DesignEnglishJuly 2012
(ESD) כיצד מסייעים נגדי יריעה (BULK METAL FOIL) להקטנת הסיכון לפריקה חשמלית אלNew-Tech Military MagazineHebrewJune 2012
石油勘探、数字地震仪和海啸探测器在其模拟电路中需要精密电阻器Electronic Products China (EPC)ChineseMay 2012
Résistance de précision pour applications d'énergie, de transport et à haute températureElectronique Composants & InstrumentationFrenchMar 2012
Precision resistors play vital role in analog circuits of seismic instrumentsEDNEnglishDec 2011
Component aging is primary hurdle in design of high-temperature power convertersHow2Power Today NewsletterEnglishSept 2011
Dünnschicht-, Dickschicht- und Bulk-Metal-Folienwiderstände im VergleichElektronik NetGermanJune 2011
Component selection and layout strategies for avoiding thermal EMFEE TimesEnglishApr 2011
How Smaller Form Factors Exacerbate ESD Risks and How Foil Resistors Can HelpInterference TechnologyEnglishNov 2010
Selecting Resistors for Pre-Amp, Amplifier, and Other High-End Audio ApplicationsEE Times - Audio DesignLineEnglishSept 2010
The Hidden VaribleEDNEnglishAug 2010
Stabilità dei resistori: gli effetti sui circuitiSelezione di ElettronicaItalianJuly 2010
Vergleich verschiedener WiderstandstypenElektronik IndustrieGermanJune 2010
Resistor raises the barElectronic ProductsEnglishMar 2010
Strengths and Weaknesses of Common Resistor TypesPlanet AnalogEnglishMar 2010
Största möjliga tystnad(Strategies for Minimizing Resistor-Generated Noise in Audio Systems)Elektronik i NordenSwedishMar 2010

Other Articles of Interest

Characteristics of burden resistors for high-precision DC current transducersAcademicDC current transducersIEEE
Next Generation KATRIN High Precision Voltage Divider for Voltages up to 65kVAcademicHigh Precision Voltage DividerJournal of Instrumentation
Precision high voltage divider for the KATRIN experimentAcademicHigh VoltageNew Journal of Physics
The Josephson two-terminal-pair impedance bridgeAcademicLow-Frequency MeasurementMetrologia via IOP science
Improving precision and accuracy in coulombic efficiency measurements of Lithium Ion Batteries
(with the help of Bulk Metal® Z-Foil resistor technology)
AcademicMeasurements of Lithium Ion BatteriesDalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Reference Resistors for Calibration of Wideband LCR MetersAcademicReference ResistorsXVIII IMEKO WORLD CONGRESS Metrology for a Sustainable Development September, 17 – 22, 2006, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
A High Current Shunt Regulator for Quadrupole Magnets in PLS 2GeV Storage RingAcademicShunt RegulatorIEEE
Calibration of the ISOLDE acceleration voltage using a high-precision voltage divider and applying collinear fast beam laser spectroscopyAcademicVoltage-DividerUniversity of Augsburg, GER
Recommended Components: Sterophile Editors Pick the Industry's Best Audio ProductsAudioAttenuatorStereophile
TotalDAC ReferenceAudioDAC6moons.com
TotalDAC D1 Audio reviewAudioDACEuro Asia Audio (departement of EuroAsiatique Ltd)
Vacuum state RTP3D Differential Full PreampAudioPreAmplifierVacuum State
Designs for High Performance Voltage-to-Frequency ConvertersIndustrialVoltage DividerLinear Technology
Applications for a Switched-Capacitor Instrumentation Building BlockPrecision InstrumentationAmplifierLinear Technology
Precision Zero Drift Current Sense AmplifierrPrecision InstrumentationCurrent SenseLinear Technology
Component and Measurement Advances Ensure 16-Bit DAC Settling Time Applications for a Switched-Component and Measurement Advances Ensure 16-Bit DAC Settling TimePrecision InstrumentationDACLinear Technology
1ppm Settling Time Measurement for a Monolithic 18-Bit DCPrecision InstrumentationDACLinear Technology
A Standards Lab Grade 20-Bit DAC with 0.1ppm/°C DriftPrecision InstrumentationDACLinear Technology
Low Noise Amplifier Selection Guide for Optimal Noise PerformancePrecision InstrumentationLow Noise AmplifierAnalog Devices
18-Bit, Linear, Low Noise, Precision Bipolar ±10 V DC Voltage Source18-Bit, Linear, Low Noise, Precision Bipolar ±10 V DC Voltage SourcePrecision InstrumentationLow Noise AmplifierAnalog Devices
Precision Temperature Measurement using RTDs (Resistance Temperature Detectors) with the CS5516 and CS5520 Bridge Transducer A/D ConvertersPrecision InstrumentationRTDCrystal Semiconductor Corporation
Resolving Very Small Temperature Differences with the LTC2402Precision InstrumentationTCRLinear Technology
The 20-Bit DAC Is the Easiest Part of a 1-ppm-Accurate Precision Voltage SourcePrecision InstrumentationVoltage-DividerAnalog Devices
Discrete Components DAC (referencing Bulk Metal® Foil VAR resistors)Reference DesignAudioTOTALDAC
Audiophile type passive componentsReference DesignAudioJeff Chan's Blog
An Eye for Electricity and an Ear for Mods: Addressing Power and Parts in Amps and Digital Front EndReference DesignAudioPositive Feedback Online
Constellation Audio Centaur Monoblock Power Amplifier (referencing Bulk Metal® Foil resistors)Reference DesignAudiothe absolute sound
Stepped Attenuator User Guide (featuring Bulk Metal® Foil resistors; PDF)Reference DesignAudioGlassWare Audio Design
FY2008 Calibration Systems - Final Report
(featuring VSMP Series)
Reference DesignCalibration of passive sensors in the infrared (IR) spectralPacific Northwest National Laboratory
Reference resistors for calibration of Wideband LCR MetersReference DesignCalibration of Wideband LCR MetersCzech Technical University, Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Precision 8.5 / 7.5 Digit MutimetersReference DesignDigital MultimetersTransmille Ltd.
Digital Multimeter Calibration (referencing Bulk Metal® Foil resistors CSM2512)Reference DesignDigital MultimetersAVDWeb-Netherlands
Digital Oceanographic Thermometer SBE 38
(hermetically sealed VFR resistor used as reference resistor)
Reference DesignDigital Oceanographic ThermometerSea-Bird Electronics, Inc.
The Top 101 Components Of 2014 (referencing Bulk Metal® Foil FRFC resistor)Reference DesignElectronic ComponentsElectronic Design
Precision Resistance Decade With High Stable Foil ResistorsReference DesignHigh Accuracy Resistance Decade BoxMEATEST, spol. s r.o.
Intersil, Renesas and Vishay Precision Group - DAQ on a StickReference DesignLow Voltage Strain GaugeIntersil
Precision Current Monitor System for the Power Supplies at SRRC (referencing Bulk Metal® Foil VFP-4 resistors)Reference DesignPower SuppliesFermilab
PLS Fully Digital Controlled Corrector Power Supplies (referencing Bulk Metal® Foil VHP-4 resistor)Reference DesignPower SuppliesJoint Accelerator Conference Website (JACoW)
EEVblog #577 - Precision 1A Current Source Part 2Reference DesignPrecision 1A current sourceEEVblog YouTube channel
Evaluation Board for RTD sensors
(featuring Pt100, Pt1000)
Reference DesignResistance Temp. DetectorTexas Instruments
Precision Temperature Measurement using RTDs
(S102K recommended as reference resistor)
Reference DesignResistance Temp. DetectorCrystal Semiconductor Corporation
A low noise high speed diode laser current controller (VHP3 - VFR Current Sense resistor used)Reference DesignSemiconductor diode lasersCalifornia Institute of Technology
3000 Series Multiproduct / DMM Calibrator
(featuring Bulk Metal® Foil resistors)
Reference DesignSolutions in CalibrationTransmille Ltd.
VAGND Reference on RS9000Reference DesignVoltage DividerColibrys
Десять причин выбрать фольговые резисторы VPG для вашего прTechnicalGeneralНОВОСТИ ЭЛЕКТРОНИКИ